TRANSGENDER ACT 2019
This article is about recognition of law for transgender in the terms of rising opportunities for their employment. Ex:- Transgender have been recruited to Chattisgarh police ++ Kerala HC has paved the way for their entry in NCC..
Why all this is happening??
It is because of new law:- Transgender Person ( Protection of Right act) 2019. This law is in congruence with Yogyakarta principles , UDHR 1948 and ICCPR 1966.
IN Nalsa VS UIO:- SC recognised transgender as a third gender and ruled for their right to decide their self identified gender.
Who are Transgender?
Ans:- A transgender person is one whose gender does not match the gender of a person assigned at birth. Trans-men and trans-women, persons with intersex variations, gender-queers, and persons with socio-cultural identities, such as kinnar and hijra.
On what grounds a transgender person can’t be discriminated from others?
No person or establishment shall discriminate against a transgender person, including denial of service or unfair treatment in relation to:
1. Education,Employment or occupation, Healthcare
2. Access to, or enjoyment of goods and services, facilities, or opportunity which is made available to the general public
3. Right to movement
4. Right to reside, rent, or otherwise occupy the property,
5. Opportunity to stand for or hold public or private office
6. Access to a government or private establishment in whose care or custody a transgender person is.
Can a transgender person apply for a certificate of identity?
A transgender person can apply for a certificate of identity by writing an application to the District Magistrate for issuing a certificate of identity as a transgender person,
Can a transgender person undergo surgery to change gender either as male or female?
If a transgender person undergoes surgery to change gender either as a male or female, such person has to make an application, besides a certificate issued by the Medical Superintendent or Chief Medical Officer of the medical institution in which that person has undergone surgery. The application along with the certificate issued is presented to the District Magistrate for a revised certificate.
What is National council for Transgender persons?
NCT stands for National Council for Transgender persons. It was set up with the purpose to advise the central government on policies, and legislation related to transgender persons.
The NCT consist of representatives from:
1. Ministries such as social justice and empowerment, health, minority affairs,
2. NITI Aayog,
3. National Human Rights Commission and National Commission for Women
4. Nominated members from the transgender community; and
5. Experts from non-governmental organizations.